Determination of the flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol A in air samples by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Chromatography A, ISSN 0021-9673, Vol. 1104, no 1-2, 106-12 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An original method based on LC-MS for determination of the flame retardant tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) in air is presented, as an alternative to the traditionally used GC-MS. The soft ionization in LC-MS makes it possible to monitor the intact molecule and to use 13C-labelled TBBPA as an internal surrogate standard, two features that improve both accuracy and precision of the analyses. Comparison of different acquisition modes in electrospray ionization showed that the lowest detections limit, 3.1 pg TBBPA injected, was obtained in SIM monitoring the molecular ions 542.7/544.7. A fragmentation pathway of TBBPA in LC-ESI-MS is suggested. The only sample clean-up steps required are solvent reduction and filtration of the sample extract. Recoveries were 93% at a 30 ng level and 75% at 3 ng. The new method was tested by analyses of air samples collected at a recycling plant for electronic equipment. The amount of TBBPA found was 13.8 ng/m3 with an RSD of 5.9%. Furthermore, it was found that TBBPA in a standard solution could be partially debrominated, if not carefully protected from light during storage.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 1104, no 1-2, 106-12 p.
Research subject Analytical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-26592DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2005.11.067PubMedID: 16337636OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-26592DiVA: diva2:211073