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Recovery from mental illness, a gender perspective
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2010 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, no 3, 557-564 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and research objectives: Recovery from mental illness is an individual process characterized by regaining a positive sense of self and developing a new meaning. Knowledge concerning differences between male and female recovery processes is, however, limited. The objective of this study was to determine gender diversity in what individuals described as decisive factors for their recovery.

 

Subjects and methods:  In this qualitative study based on grounded theory 30 first-person accounts of recovery from mental illness are examined. After informed consent data were collected through in-depth interviews with people in recovery from psychosis, bipolar disorders or personality disorders.

 

Results: The results show that in spite of structural gender inequalities, female gender norms seem to be an advantage in the recovery process. The female participants were focused on making sense and meaning in their recovery process, while the male participants were focused on control over symptoms and reinforcement of traditional roles such as occupation and independence. Another result showed psychiatric hospitalization to mainly contribute to male recovery processes.

 

Conclusion: These results provide new insights into gender as an important factor in understanding recovery processes and in providing care to facilitate these processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley , 2010. Vol. 24, no 3, 557-564 p.
Keyword [en]
recovery, mental illness, gender
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-26709DOI: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2009.00748.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-26709DiVA: diva2:211080
Available from: 2009-04-08 Created: 2009-04-08 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Kvinnors och mäns återhämtning från psykisk ohälsa
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Kvinnors och mäns återhämtning från psykisk ohälsa
2009 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim with this thesis is to describe and analyze women’s and men’s recovery processes. More specifically, the aim is to determine what women and men with experience of mental illness describe as contributing to the personal recovery process. The point of departure for the studies was 30 in-depth interviews conducted with 15 men and 15 women. The selection of interview subjects was limited to individuals who had been treated in 24-hour psychiatric care and diagnosed as having schizophrenia, psychosis, a personality disorder, or a bipolar disorder.

 

Four studies have been carried.  Study 1 was a baseline article that examined what people in recovery from mental illness outline as facilitating factors to their recovery. The results that emerged from that study indicated areas for further analysis to condense the understanding of the recovery process. In study 2 the similarities and the differences in recovery described by women and men were examined. In Study 3 women’s and men’s meaning-making with reference to severe mental illness facilitate the recovery process were studied. The forth study explored how peer-support contribute to women’s and men’s recovery from mental illness.

 

The results emphasize recovery from mental illness as a social process in which relationships play a key role in creating new identities beside the mental illness. For a majority of the participants meeting peers facilitated the recovery process. The participants described how peer support meant an end to isolation and became an arena for identification, connection, and being important to others. Throughout these recovery processes the impact of gender has been emphasized. The results from this thesis provide new insight into gender as an important factor in understanding the recovery processes. The results from the four studies emphasize the mental patient, the psychiatric interventions and the individual recovery strategies as being influenced by gender constructions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutionen för socialt arbete, Stockholms universitet, 2009. 170 p.
Series
Rapport i socialt arbete, ISSN 0281-6288 ; 130
Keyword
recovery, mental illness, gender, peer-support, meaning
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-26713 (URN)978-91-7155-795-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-05-15, Aula Svea, Sveavägen 160, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-04-24 Created: 2009-04-08 Last updated: 2013-07-09Bibliographically approved

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