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Folk som pratar o pennor som rasslar: – om hur elever med neuropsykiatrisk diagnos upplever skoltiden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Education in Arts and Professions.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
People talking and pencils scratching : – how pupils with neuropsychiatric diagnoses experience their time in school (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie var att undersöka hur elever med neuropsykiatriska funktionshinder upplever tiden i grund- och gymnasieskolan. Mina frågeställningar handlade om i vilka sammanhang eleverna upplevde svårigheter kopplade till funktionshindren, på vilka sätt skolan visade förståelse för dessa svårigheter, hur skolan löste de problem som uppstod, vad skolan kunde ha gjort mer samt vilka starka sidor hos eleverna som var betydelsefulla i skolan. Jag intervjuade sex ungdomar i åldrarna 18 - 21 år. Jag använde mig av halvstrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet, som analyserades ur ett sociokulturellt perspektiv, visade att eleverna upplevde svårigheter i skolan i flera olika sammanhang. Stora klasser och störande ljud i klassrummet förvärrade elevernas koncentrationssvårigheter. Projektarbeten utan strikta ramar och att tvingas redovisa inför klassen utgjorde ett stort hinder för flera av eleverna, medan undervisning på för låg nivå ledde till bristande studiemotivation. Under högstadietiden upplevde eleverna stress och svårigheter att hitta till klassrummen. Annat som medförde problem var bland annat fobier, sömnstörningar och att delta i skolidrotten. Utanförskap och mobbing i elevgrupperna var vanligt förekommande. Även lärare utsatte eleverna för kränkande särbehandling genom utpekande handlingar, skuldbeläggande och bestraffningar. Eleverna upplevde att de oftast möttes av oförståelse och okunskap från skolan. Endast enstaka lärare visade förståelse. Skolans åtgärder sattes oftast in väldigt sent och lösningarna på problemen blev därför kortvariga. Vissa åtgärder gjorde till och med större skada än nytta. Eleverna berättade om sina starka sidor och menade att dessa hjälpte dem genom åren i skolan. Av resultatet framgick att mindre klasser, men också kunskap hos lärarna och förmågan att samtala med eleverna och lyssna på dem, är viktiga medel för att kunna ta tag i problemen på ett tidigt stadium och skapa en skola för alla.

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this qualitative study was to get knowledge of experiences of the years in compulsory school and upper secondary school by pupils with neuropsychiatric disabilities. The questions dealt with when and where in school the pupils had difficulties connected to their neuropsychiatric disabilities, in what way they were met with understanding for their difficulties, how the school solved the problems, what the school could have done more and what qualities the pupils possessed that helped in school. I interviewed six youngsters in the ages of 18 - 21. I used half-structured interviews. The result was analysed in a sociocultural perspective and showed that the pupils had difficulties in many ways at school. Big classes and noises in the classroom made their concentration difficulties worse. Projects in school without strict directions as well as appearances before the class became huge barriers for some of the pupils, while teaching at a too low level led to a lack of motivation. In upper level of compulsory school the pupils felt stress and difficulties in finding classrooms. Some other problems were phobias, insomnia and participating in school gymnastics. Bullying and exclusion from fellowship was usual. Even teachers were insulting the pupils by indicating them as outsiders, blaming them for their difficulties and punishing them. The pupils experienced that they were mostly met with misunderstanding and a lack of knowledge from the school. Just a few teachers were sympathetic. The school mostly took measures very late and the solutions therefore became short-lived. Some of the measures made the problems even worse. The pupils told me about their strong sides that helped them through school. The result showed that smaller classes as well as teachers knowledge and ability to converse and listen to the pupils are important instruments to be able to face the problems in an early phase and create a school for all kinds of minds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 52 p.
Keyword [en]
Experiences, neuropsychiatric disabilities, ADHD, ADD, DAMP, Asperger syndrome
Keyword [sv]
Upplevelser, neuropsykiatriska funktionshinder, ADHD, ADD, DAMP, Asperger syndrom
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-26738OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-26738DiVA: diva2:211166
Presentation
O 333, Campus Konradsberg, Stockholms universitet, Stockholm (Swedish)
Uppsok

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Available from: 2009-05-04 Created: 2009-04-08 Last updated: 2009-05-04Bibliographically approved

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