Democratization and Child Mortality
(English)Manuscript (Other academic)
The Millennium Development Goals call for a two-third reduction in the under-five mortality rate. Can democratic reforms contribute to this goal? This paper studies the dynamic effects of important political changes on the relative change in child mortality. The key finding is that child mortality decreases significantly in the 5 to 25 years following a democratic transition. After this decrease, child mortality stabilizes at a new, lower level. This effect is neither caused by economic growth, nor is it restricted to poor countries. However when disaggregating democratic transitions into different subcomponents, the finding is that the single most important factor explaining the decrease in child mortality is the competitiveness of executive recruitment. The effects of an autocratic experience mirror those of a democratic transition; child mortality increases for a number of years following an autocratic transition. These results are less general and robust, however.
Human Development, Democratization, Child Mortality
Research subject Economics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-26958OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-26958DiVA: diva2:212119