Work-related psychosocial factors and the development of ischemic heart disease: a systematic review.
2009 (English)In: Cardiology in review, ISSN 1538-4683, Vol. 17, no 2, 83-97 p.Article, review/survey (Other academic) Published
The literature on the relationship between work-related psychosocial factors and the development of ischemic heart disease (IHD) was systematically reviewed: 33 articles presented 51 analyses of studies involving male participants, 18 analyses involving female participants, and 8 analyses with both genders. Twenty of the studies originated in the Nordic countries, and the major dimensions of the Demand-Control Model were the focus of 23 articles. A balanced evaluation of the studies indicates moderate evidence that high psychologic demands, lack of social support, and iso-strain are risk factors for IHD among men. Studies performed during recent years have not shown evidence for lack of control as a risk factor for IHD. Several studies have shown that job strain is a risk factor, but in the more recent ones, these associations can be fully explained by the association between demands and disease risk. Insufficient evidence was found for a relationship between IHD and effort-reward imbalance, injustice, job insecurity, or long working hours. Studies involving women are too few to draw any conclusion concerning women, work stress, and IHD.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 17, no 2, 83-97 p.
ischemic heart disease, psychosocial factors, work
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-27376DOI: 10.1097/CRD.0b013e318198c8e9PubMedID: 19367150Local ID: P2734OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-27376DiVA: diva2:213916