Ethnicity, socio-economic status and self-harm in Swedish youth: a national cohort study.
2009 (English)In: Psychological Medicine, ISSN 0033-2917, Vol. 39, no 1, 87-94 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown an elevated risk for self-harm in adolescents from ethnic minorities. However, potential contributions to this risk from socio-economic factors have rarely been addressed. The main aim of this article was to investigate any such effects. METHOD: A national cohort of 1009 157 children born during 1973-1982 was followed prospectively from 1991 to 2002 in Swedish national registers. Multivariate Cox analyses of proportional hazards were used to estimate the relative risk of hospital admission for self-harm. Parental country/region of birth was used as proxy for ethnicity. RESULTS: Youth with two parents born outside Sweden (except those from Southern Europe) had higher age- and gender-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of self-harm than the majority population (HR 1.6-2.3). The HRs decreased for all immigrant groups when socio-economic factors were accounted for but remained significantly higher for immigrants from Finland and Western countries and for youth with one Swedish-born and one foreign-born parent. CONCLUSIONS: Socio-economic factors explain much of the variation by parental country of birth of hospital admissions for self-harm in youth in Sweden.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 39, no 1, 87-94 p.
Adolescents, ethnicity, self-harm behaviour, socio-economic status, young adults
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-27382DOI: 10.1017/S0033291708003176ISI: 000262572100009PubMedID: 18366815Local ID: P2708OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-27382DiVA: diva2:213941