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Estimating peer effects in Swedish high school using school, teacher and student fixed effects
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2009 (English)In: Economics of Education Review, ISSN 0272-7757, E-ISSN 1873-7382, Vol. 28, 329-336 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper I use a rich dataset in order to observe each student in different subjects and courses over time. Unlike most peer studies, I identify the peers and the teachers that each student has had in every classroom. This enables me to handle the simultaneity and selection problems, which are inherent in estimating peer effects in the educational production function. I use a value-added approach with lagged peer achievement to avoid simultaneity and extensive fixed effects to rule out selection. To be specific, it is within-student acrosssubject variation with additional controls for time-invariant teacher characteristics that is exploited. Moreover, I identify students that are attending classes in which they have no peers from previous education which otherwise might bias the result. I find positive peer effects for the average student but also that there is a non-linear dimension. Lowerachieving students benefit more from an increase in both mean peer achievement and the spread in peer achievement within the classroom than their higher-achieving peers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd. , 2009. Vol. 28, 329-336 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-27630DOI: 10.1016/j.econedurev.2008.04.003ISI: 000266864900005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-27630DiVA: diva2:216602
Available from: 2009-05-11 Created: 2009-05-11 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved

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