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Omval på gymnasiet, varför?
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Education.
2009 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
  Re-election in upper secondary highschool, why? : A study about which causes that lead to a re-election (English)
Abstract [sv]

 

Denna undersökning syftar till att belysa elevers perspektiv kring orsaker till omval på gymnasiet. Uppsatsen är baserad på kvalitativ forskning och sex elever som gjort omval på gymnasiet har intervjuats. Ibland fokuserar omvalet på frånfaktorer och tillfaktorer. Orsakerna till varför elever bytte från ett gymnasieprogram var osäkerhet, dålig organisation, boende på annan ort, obekvämt boende, ångrat sitt yrkesval, tröttnat på ämnen på programmet, ointresse, lågt studietempo samt otillräcklig kunskap om sig själv och om programmet. Skälen att elever bytte till ett gymnasieprogram var intressen, osäkerhet och kamrater. En strategi var att förlänga betänketiden innan yrkesvalet, då bytte man till ett studieinriktat program. Man kan se att elevernas senaste omval upplevs mer säkra än tidigare val. Faktum är att alla elever valt yrkesförberedande program från grundskolan. De elever som gick på annan ort sökte sig hemåt i omvalet. Samtliga elever har bytt från yrkesförberedande program till studieförberedande gymnasieprogram. Information om gymnasiet och de förberedande aktiviteterna inom studie- och yrkesvägledning är något som skolan erbjuder inför gymnasieval. Eleverna i denna undersökning har nämnt många olika aktiviteter inom studie och yrkesvägledning men de enda kommentarerna kring detta var att det var för lite praktik och att man inte lärde sig så mycket av studiebesök på företag. Föräldrar, kamrater, vägledare och mentorer är de man i denna undersökning talar med inför sina omval. Alla informanter hävdar att de pratar med kompisar men påtalar också att det är deras egen vilja som styr. Trots denna rapports begränsningar visar detta arbete på att det för en del elever kan vara för tidigt att göra studie- och yrkesval redan från grundskolan, årskurs nio.

Abstract [en]

 

The purpose of our essay is to shed light on the reasons for students making a new/second selection of program to upper secondary school.  The essay is based upon qualitative research and interviews with six pupils who have made a new selection.  Often the causes for making a new selection are either to leave a particular program or to enter a particular program.  Some of the reasons for students changing from a program are uncertainty, poor organization, living away from home, uncomfortable living quarters, tired of the program, lack of interest, low pace of study, as well as a lack of knowledge of one's self and/or the program.  The reasons for a student changing to a particular program are interest, uncertainty and friends.  One strategy was to extend the time for consideration regarding choice of vocation and then changing to a study-specific program.  It is apparent that the most recent selection was considered more certain than previous selections.  All of the students in this study had chosen vocational programs while in comprehensive school.  Those students who studied in communities away from home chose to return to their home community to study.  All of the students have changed from vocational programs to programs preparing them for continued academic studies.  Information concerning upper secondary school and preparation for both vocational and academic studies is offered by the school before program selection.  The students in this study have mentioned numerous activities concerning academic and vocational preparation but their only comments concerning these activities were that there was too little practical experience and too little information presented during their educational visits to various businesses.  Before making a new choice of program, students generally discuss their choice with parents, friends, guidance counselors and mentors.  All the students claim that they had had discussions with their friends but that the final decision was their own. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 40 p.
Keyword [en]
Selection, academic and vocational guidance, information, academic preparation, vocational preparation, reasons, practical experience
Keyword [sv]
Omval, studie- och yrkesvägledning, information, glesbygd, studieförberedande gymnasieprogram, yrkesförberedande gymnasieprogram, orsaker, praktik, intressen
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-28777OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-28777DiVA: diva2:225852
Presentation
J218, Campus Konradsberg, Stockholm (Swedish)
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2009-12-07 Created: 2009-06-29 Last updated: 2009-12-07Bibliographically approved

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