Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Tension and tradition: a study of late Iron Age spearheads around the Baltic Sea
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies.
2003 (English)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis discusses spearheads and individuals in Estonia, Latvia, eastern Sweden, Finland and western Russia during the 11th century. The source material consists of 335 spearheads of type M according to the typology of Petersen from 1919. As a complement, a limited number of historical, social anthropological and ethnological sources have been used. All in all, the author has visited 20 museums around the Baltic Sea during a period of tremendous political change, and she has taken advantage of the natural field of tension which the different research environments have produced. Central questions are whether individual weapon-smiths can be discerned in the archaeological material, the role of the weapon-smith in the prehistoric society, and the possible role of Gotland in the weapons trade. Another important question concerns the differences among the societies around the Baltic Sea. Did the societies really differ to the extent that we tend to believe, or are our interpretations based on old ideas of culture-bringing and nationalism? The thesis contains a detailed analysis of the archaeological material. The importance of direct contact between the researcher and the spearheads is stressed. Several individual weapon-smiths are discerned. It is mainly the personal touch in their work that makes this possible, even though they apparently used the same idea of a spearhead as their starting-point. The weapon-smiths seem to have worked within certain smith-zones in all the studied countries, some larger and some smaller. This indicates a local production, not trade as earlier believed. The author believes that the weapon-smith had a complex role in the prehistoric society. He had a tacit, social and magical knowledge. Besides the weapon-smith, the thesis discusses the silversmith who decorated the spearheads, the organizer of the production of the spearheads, the user, the burial actor, the archaeologist and the conservator. In the final chapter the 11th-century society is reconstructed and illustrated with the help of the Pöide area on Saaremaa in Estonia. The reconstruction makes use of the field perspective and the concept of honour as described by Pierre Bourdieu. Three individuals (the organizer, weapon-smith and user) with a totally different social capital meet in this space. The study points towards a well-organized society where knowledge, raw material, contacts, traditions, economic resources, and defence and attack politics constitute important elements. In the author's opinion it is time to see the region of the Baltic Sea in a new societal perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Stockholms universitet , 2003. , 520 p.
Series
Theses and papers in archeology. New series, A, ISSN 1100-6048 ; 8
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-28799Libris ID: 8893166OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-28799DiVA: diva2:226504
Public defence
2003-05-21, Hörsal 8, hus D, Södra huset, Frescati, Universitetsvägen 10, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Note

Sammanfattningar på svenska, estniska, finska, lettiska och ryska

Available from: 2009-06-30 Created: 2009-06-30 Last updated: 2017-10-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

PDF (Not accessible to users outside Sweden)
By organisation
Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies
Archaeology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 668 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf