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A ticket to national parks? Tourism, railways and the establishment of national parks in Sweden
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Human Geography.
2009 (English)In: Tourism and National Parks: International perspectives on development, histories and change, London: Routledge, 2009, p. 184-196Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The point of departure for this chapter is the extent that commercial tourism interests, and particularly the railways, were a major factor in the establishment of national parks in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This argument has been paramount, for example, in the works of Runte (1974a, 1974b, 1987, 1990), who argues that the western railways played a crucial role at the turn of the twentieth century for the establishment of national parks in the United States, including parks such as Yosemite and Yellowstone – an observation also supported by subsequent research in the US (e.g. Orsi 1985, Sellars 1997); while the significant role of railway companies in park development has also been emphasized in Australia (e.g. Hall 1992) and in comparative studies of the New World national parks of Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the US (Hall and Shultis 1991). The relationship between tourism and national parks acted to serve the interests of both park advocates and the railways. The railway companies promoted tourism in order to utilize and increase existing capacity, the construction of new lines and grow their profits, and the preservationists promoted tourism in order to gain public support for the national parks. However, the role of railways in the origins of national parks has not yet been addressed in detail in a Nordic context.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 2009. p. 184-196
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Human Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-28965ISBN: 978-0-415-47156-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-28965DiVA, id: diva2:228244
Available from: 2009-07-28 Created: 2009-07-28 Last updated: 2018-11-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Protected Attractions: Tourism and Wilderness in the Swedish Mountain Region
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Protected Attractions: Tourism and Wilderness in the Swedish Mountain Region
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Europe's first national parks were established in northern Sweden in 1909 and this region has thus functioned as a protected and aesthetic pleasure landscape for a century. In 1996, due to the combination of spectacular natural environment and ancient Sami traditions the Laponian World Heritage Area was established here. In spite of local cultural history and contempo-rary land use practices, the Swedish northern mountains are often described as remnants of the pristine and as wilderness - defined as the opposite to culture - and for many, wilderness is an unproblematic category of nature. With a focus on touristic use of protected areas, this thesis examines the role of different interests, including power relations, in shaping dominant descriptions of landscapes. Investigated themes include how landscape values are expressed, interpreted and explained by visitors, as well as the influence of different ideas underlying nature conservation. Results show that tourists visit the mountains to experience nature, wilderness, and scenery, and to feel mental relaxation. The existence of marked hiking trails and facilities at tourist cabins are also of importance. The attractiveness of the mountains includes the combination of comfortable conditions and a perceived untouched landscape. Tourists perceive the area as wilderness and - at the same time - filled with tourist facilities and Sami culture such as reindeer herding activities. It is found that the perception of the mountains as a wild and scenic natural landscape has not changed much during the last century. In this thesis, the concept of wilderness is problematized and contested since it produces images and values that have unrecognized effects on how we perceive and manage landscapes, including their cultural attributes. This thesis applies a critical realism approach to conceptualize landscapes.

 

 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Human Geography,Stockholm University, 2009. p. 52
Series
Meddelanden från Kulturgeografiska institutionen vid Stockholms universitet, ISSN 0585-3508 ; 140
Keywords
Landscape value and perception; nature conservation policy; tourist behavior; tourist attraction; infrastructure; visitor survey; nature-culture dichotomy; Laponian World Heritage Area; Sweden
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-28966 (URN)978-91-7155-906-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-10-02, William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 8 A, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defence, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.Available from: 2009-09-10 Created: 2009-07-28 Last updated: 2009-07-30Bibliographically approved

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