Extraction and analysis of pharmaceuticals in pollutedsediment using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry
2011 (English)In: International Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0306-7319, Vol. 91, no 6, 553-566 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A multi-residue method for the extraction and clean-up of sediment samples was developed for the analysis of pharmaceutical residues. Sediment samples were collected in the proximity of sewage water plant in Stockholm, Sweden. Target analytes were the basic -blocker propranolol, the neutral neuroleptic carbamazepine and the acidic anticoagulant warfarin, the painkiller diclofenac and the lipid regulator gemfibrozil. The extraction solvent was optimised with regard to pH and organic modifer. Extraction and clean up were performed with liquid-liquid extraction and ultra-sonication followed by solid-phase extraction. One extraction solvent, containing acetone/McIlvaine buffer pH4, provided satisfactory extraction for all substances. LC/MSMS in the MRM mode was used for determination. The recoveries of the extraction and clean-up steps were 60–75% (2–8%) and LOQs were in the range 0.4–8 ng/g sediment (dry weight). The pharmaceuticals found in the sediment samples were propranolol and carbamazepine, representing substances with basic and neutral properties. Additionally, the samples were analysed with LC/QTOF for verification with the use of accurate mass measurement in the full-scan mode. Pharmaceuticals not represented in the original method were looked for. Non-target pharmaceuticals found using the LC/QTOF system were the basic -blocker metoprolol and the acidic painkiller naproxen.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 91, no 6, 553-566 p.
solid-phase extraction, multiple reaction monitoring, triple quadrupole
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-29184DOI: 10.1080/03067311003657983ISI: 000289404000005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-29184DiVA: diva2:229437