Gonad development and plasma steroid profiles by HRGC/HRMS during one reproductive cycle in reference and leachate-exposed female perch (Perca fluviatilis)
2004 (English)In: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, ISSN 0041-008X, Vol. 195, no 2, 247-261 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Endocrine processes were studied in reference female perch (Perca fluviatilis) from Lake Djursjön and in leachate-exposed females from Lake Molnbyggen during one reproductive cycle. A high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRGC/HRMS) technique enabled the analysis of circulating sex steroids [progesterone (P), 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17α-OHP), androstenedione (A), testosterone (T), estrone (E1), and 17β-estradiol (E2)], the maturation-inducing hormone (MIH) 17α,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (17α,20β-P), and glucocorticoids [11-deoxycortisol (11-DC) and cortisol]. Body and organ measurements, ratio of sexually mature (SM) females, and frequencies of body lesions, were also recorded. High frequencies of body lesions and a low ratio of SM females were generally found in Molnbyggen. These females also had lower gonadosomatic index (GSI) and liver-somatic index (LSI) in the early stages of vitellogenesis, indicating either a delayed onset of oogenesis or an impaired vitellogenesis. Non-reproducing females from both lakes showed a similar LSI cycle as SM females. Increasing T and A levels in SM females from Djursjön coincided with the GSI peak at the time of spawning. These two androgens were on several occasions lower in SM females from Molnbyggen, possibly the result of a disrupted 17,20-lyase activity of the P450 17α enzyme because only minor effects were observed on circulating P and 17α-OHP levels. E2 and E1 levels increased during vitellogenesis in females from both lakes, with E1 levels more closely resembling the peaks of A and GSI. Peak levels of 17α,20β-P at the time of spawning confirmed its function as the MIH in perch, while the simultaneous peak of 11-DC suggests that it also may be involved in final maturation of the oocytes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 195, no 2, 247-261 p.
Reproductive cycle; Gonad development; Sexual immaturity; Steroid profiles; Endocrine disruption; HRGC/HRMS; Refuse dump leachate; Perch (Perca fluviatilis)
Research subject Applied Environmental Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-29475DOI: 10.1016/j.taap.2003.11.017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-29475DiVA: diva2:233475