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"Frustration" of orbital interactions in Lewis base/Lewis acid adducts: a computational study of H2 uptake by phosphanylboranes R2P=BR'2
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
2009 (English)In: European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, ISSN 1434-1948, E-ISSN 1099-1948, no 19, 2759-2764 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The reaction of mol. hydrogen with phosphanylboranes R2P:BR'2 (1) is systematically studied by d. functional theory calcns. and second order Moller-Plesset perturbation theory. The potential energy barriers and the exothermicity of H2 uptake are reported for a series of phosphanylboranes with different electron-donating and -withdrawing groups bound to phosphorus and boron. Systematic MO anal. reveals that the "frustration" between boron and phosphorus can be increased by modifying the substituents, and thus, AO interactions could be exploited in order to increase the reactivity of 1. Addnl., authors found a correlation between the potential energy barrier for H2 uptake and the energy of the HOMO of the P:B complex, which could be relevant for the prediction of the properties of candidate compds. for H2 activation and therefore useful for the development of such systems. [on SciFinder(R)]

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Weinheim: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA , 2009. no 19, 2759-2764 p.
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-29965DOI: 10.1002/ejic.200900311ISI: 000267915100002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-29965DiVA: diva2:236579
Note
CAPLUS AN 2009:789341(Journal)Available from: 2009-09-24 Created: 2009-09-24 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Theoretical modeling of metal- and enzyme catalyzed transformations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Theoretical modeling of metal- and enzyme catalyzed transformations
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is focused on describing and predicting catalytic reactions. The major part of the work is based on density functional theory (DFT). In some cases where the size of the investigated system precluded the use of more accurate methods molecular dynamics was employed. In several cases the proposed mechanism was later tested in the laboratory. A few examples where the predictions were confirmed are:

  • The formation of an acyl intermediate in the activation of a ruthenium catalyst used for racemizing alcohols. This intermediate was observed by both NMR and in situ FT-IR.
  • The improvement of the substrate specificity and catalytic activity of Candida antarctica lipase A by modifying amino acids close to the active site.
  • The improved specificity of Candida antarctica lipase B toward δ-substituted secondary alcohols by an enzyme variant where the alanine in position 281 was exchanged for a serine.

In other cases experimental results were complemented with a theoretical investigation, for example:

  • The observed second order rate constant for a ruthenium based catalyst used for water oxidation was explained and a novel intramolecular mechanism based on a high valent ruthenium dimer was suggested.
  • The effects of electron withdrawing/donating axial ligands on the performance of ruthenium catalyzed water oxidation were addressed.
  • Mechanisms of H2 activation by Lewis acid/Lewis base adducts were rationalized. One example of the predictive power of computational chemistry is the mechanism of hydrogen uptake by phosphanylboranes; the potential energy barrier for the transition state could be predicted within a few kcal/mol based on the orbital energies of the starting material.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Organic Chemistry, Stockholm University, 2010. 96 p.
Keyword
density functinal theory, computational chemistry, directed evolution, enzyme, mechanistic studies, catalysis, ruthenium, hydrogen transfer, racemization, artificial photosynthesis, frustrated lewis pairs, hydrogen storage
National Category
Organic Chemistry
Research subject
Organic Chemistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-38344 (URN)978-91-7447-063-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-05-12, Magnelisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 3: Submitted. Paper 8: In press.Available from: 2010-04-20 Created: 2010-04-08 Last updated: 2010-05-28Bibliographically approved

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