Gene expression as a sensitive endpoint to evaluate cell differentiation andmaturation of the developing central nervous system in primary cultures of ratcerebellar granule cells (CGCs) exposed to pesticides
2009 (English)In: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, ISSN 0041-008X, Vol. 235, 268-286 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The major advantage of primary neuronal cultures for developmental neurotoxicity (DNT) testing is their ability to replicate the crucial stages of neurodevelopment. In our studies using primary culture of cerebellar granule cells (CGCs) we have evaluated whether the gene expression relevant to the most critical developmental processes such as neuronal differentiation (NF-68 and NF-200) and functional maturation (NMDA and GABA presence of neural precursor cells (nestin and Sox10) could be used as an endpoint for in vitro DNT. The expression of these genes was assessed after exposure to various pesticides (paraquat parathion, dichlorvos, pentachlorophenol and cycloheximide) that could induce developmental neurotoxicity through different mechanisms. All studied pesticides signi different stages of neuronal and/or glial cell development and maturation. The most signi observed after exposure to paraquat and parathion (i.e. down-regulation of mRNA expression of NF-68 and NF-200, NMDA and GABA expression of NF-68 and GABA as signi astrocyte marker (S100 multiple pathways of neurodevelopment can be identi in different stages of cell development and maturation, and that gene expression could be used as a sensitive endpoint for initial screening to identify the compounds with the potential to cause developmental neurotoxicity. A receptors), proliferation and differentiation of astrocytes (GFAP and S100β) as well as theficantly modified the expression of selected genes, related to theficant changes wereA receptors). Similarly, dichlorvos affected mainly neurons (decreased mRNAA receptors) whereas cycloheximide had an effect on neurons and astrocytes,ficant decreases in the mRNA expression of both neurofilaments (NF-68 and NF-200) and theβ) were observed. Our results suggest that toxicity induced by pesticides that targetfied by studying expression of genes that are involved
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 235, 268-286 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-30071DOI: 10.1016/j.taap.2008.12.014ISI: 000264207900002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-30071DiVA: diva2:241168