TRPV1 expression and activity during retinoic acid-induced neuronal differentiation
2009 (English)In: Neurochemistry International, ISSN 0197-0186, E-ISSN 1872-9754, Vol. 55, no 8, 768-774 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The transient receptor potential vanilloid subtype 1 (TRPV1) is a Ca2+-permeable channel primarily expressed in dorsal root ganglion neurons. Besides its function in thermogenic nociception and neurogenic inflammation, TRPV1 is involved in cell migration, cytoskeleton reorganisation and in neuronal guidance. To explore the TRPV1 level and activity during conditions for neuronal maturation, TRPV1-expressing SHSY5Y neuroblastoma cells were differentiated into a neuronal phenotype using all-trans-retinoic acid (RA). We show that RA highly up-regulated the total and cell surface TRPV1 protein expression but the TRPV1 mRNA level was unaffected. The up-regulated receptors were localised to the cell bodies and the developed neurites. Furthermore, RA increased both the basal intracellular free Ca2+ concentration by 30 % as well as the relative capsaicin-induced Ca2+ influx. The results show that TRPV1 protein expression increases during RA-induced differentiation in vitro, which generates an altered intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 55, no 8, 768-774 p.
Biological Sciences Chemical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-30177DOI: 10.1016/j.neuint.2009.07.011ISI: 000271690000008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-30177DiVA: diva2:241951