Laboratory studies of forbidden decay processes in stored ions
2008 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Measurements of atomic and ionic data has been an active research area since the beginning of spectroscopic studies. The experimental data deduced from thesestudies are of great interest for our understanding of fundamental as well as applied physics. The metastability of certain energy levels has been used toexplain phenomena in widely different fields ranging from the principles of the laser to observations of forbidden spectral lines originating fromastrophysical objects. Eventhough measurements of radiative lifetimes have been carried out for many decades new interesting results are still found in theexplanation of phenomena observed in these studies. The technological development in the field of atomic physics has provided researchers with several toolswhich have opened up completely new possibilities in recent years. Atoms and ions can now be stored for long times which allows studies of extremely weakprocesses. In this thesis results from studies of weak radiative decays of metastable levels are presented. The measurements were carried out utilizing a laserprobing technique together with ions stored in the ion storage ring CRYRING at the Manne Siegbahn laboratory in Stockholm, Sweden. The longest radiativelifetime measured so far in a storage ring, 89 s in singly ionized barium, is presented along with a completely new method for determining extremelylong radiative lifetimes. The thesis also includes new interesting results from lifetime measurements in argon which revealed the unexpected importance of an E3 decay channel. This is to the best of our knowledge the first ever observation of an E3 transition rate of this magnitude in a singlycharged ion. All lifetime measurements are presented with complementary calculations by our collaborators at Université de Mons-Hainaut and Université de Liège, Belgium. The studies of BaII are also part of a collaboration with the Institute of solid state physics of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Physics, Stockholm University , 2008. , 61 p.
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Research subject Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-30244OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-30244DiVA: diva2:242350
2008-01-30, FA31, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 14:00 (English)
Al-Khalili, Ahmed, Fil. Dr.
Mannervik, Sven, Professor
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