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Beyond simple approaches to studying the association between work characteristics and absenteeism: Combining the DCS and ERI models
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
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2010 (English)In: Work & Stress, ISSN 0267-8373, E-ISSN 1464-5335, Vol. 24, no 2, 179-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The Demand-Control-Support (DCS) and the Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) models assess different psychosocial factors. This study investigates whether a combination of these models increases their ability to predict sickness absence, as compared to results based on each model separately. A cross-sectional study with nursing personnel (N = 1307) in Brazil was performed. Regression analyses were conducted in three stages: analysis of each scale of the models and sickness absences; assessment of the independent association of each model with sickness absences; assessment of the associations of three combinations of models/scales with sickness absences: DC and social support (SS), ERI and overcommitment, and DC and ERI. As regards comparisons between the stress models, ERI was shown to be independently associated with short (up to 9 days) and long (10 days or more) spells of absenteeism. The same result held true for low social support. The combinations DC-ERI and DC-SS were better predictors for short spells than each model/scale separately, whereas for long spells, the combination DC-SS was the best predictor. ERI seems to be a good instrument for predicting absenteeism if used alone, whereas DC performed better when combined with ERI or SS. An improved risk estimation of sickness absences by combining information from the two models was observed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 24, no 2, 179-195 p.
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-30326DOI: 10.1080/02678373.2010.493083ISI: 000279326100004OAI: diva2:271470
Available from: 2009-10-12 Created: 2009-10-12 Last updated: 2011-11-22Bibliographically approved

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Toivanen, Susanna
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Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS)
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