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An island in the middle of an island: On cult, laws and authority in Viking Age Gotland
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
2009 (English)In: From Ephesos to Dalecarlia: Reflections on body, space and time in medieval and early modern Europe, Stockholm: Statens historiska museum , 2009, 101-118 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present-day small village of Roma on Gotland in the Baltic Sea was the physical and symbolic centre of the island in the Iron Age and into Medieval times. The Cistercian monastery and the meeting place of the island’s assembly, the All-thing, two well-known features of medieval Roma, have often been taken as indications of an egalitarian and non-stratified society on Gotland during the Viking Age and Middle Ages. It is here proposed, however, that an older Iron Age cult site at Roma eventually came under the control of a chieftain or major landowner who introduced Christianity, founded a monastery and inaugurated the thing in Roma in Viking or early medieval times, just as his equals did elsewhere in Scandinavia. While the later medieval thing was probably located near the monastery, an alternative site on a small island is suggested for the older All-thing.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Statens historiska museum , 2009. 101-118 p.
Series
Stockholm Studies in Archaeology, ISSN 0349-4128 ; 48
Series
Studies / The Museum of National Antiquities, Stockholm, ISSN 0349-8182 ; 11
Keyword [en]
Thing (legal), assembly place, Vi, Al, Viking Age, Gotland, Roma, Sweden, Iron Age, Middle Ages
Keyword [sv]
Ting (juridik), tingsplats, Vi, Al, Vikingatiden, Gotland, Roma, Sverige, Järnåldern, Medeltiden
National Category
Archaeology
Research subject
Archaeology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-30794ISBN: 978-91-89176-37-9 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-30794DiVA: diva2:274120
Available from: 2010-01-19 Created: 2009-10-27 Last updated: 2012-11-01Bibliographically approved

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Myrberg, Nanouschka
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Citation style
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