Cenozoic landscape evolution in northern Sweden: Geomorphological interpretation within a GIS-framework
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The large-scale bedrock landscape in northern Sweden has a complex evolution history of planation, uplift, transgression, burial, weathering, and erosion. The aim of this thesis is to examine the long-term development of the area.
Terms for base-level surfaces in the area are defined. A combination of GIS-analyses of digital elevation models and field work is used to explore landform characteristics and formation. Inselbergs east of the northern Scandes in northern Sweden are used as a basis for describing landscape development.
In total, 794 inselbergs are identified in the study area. The inselbergs are classified according to their degree of glacial erosion. The Parkajoki area, with low glacially modified inselbergs, tors, boulder fields and saprolites, has been shown to have largely escaped Quaternary glacial erosion and is taken as a type area to describe the late-Neogene landscape development prior to glaciation. The removal of Neogene saprolite mantles at the inselberg feet in areas of glacial erosion increased inselberg relief during the Quaternary by 10-20 m. For landscape evolution further back in time, beyond the Neogene, the hypsography of the study areas shows at least two palaeosurface generations in the northern Scandes and at least four palaeosurface generations on the inselberg plains. The distribution of inselbergs in relation to palaeosurface generations in the same elevation intervals suggests land uplift with a tilt towards the SE-ESE. Eocene marine diatom findings at 260 m a.s.l. in Finland, 200 km east of the study area, indicate a pre-Eocene age of the inselberg plains above this elevation.
The development of today’s inselberg plains likely started in the late Mesozoic, with a sub-Mesozic etch surface that was subjected to land uplift at the late Mesozoic-Paleocene transition during breakup of the Atlantic. The great antiquity of the northern Swedish bedrock landscape stands as an analogy for shield areas in for example Australia and Africa.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University , 2009. , 23 p.
Dissertations from the Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, ISSN 1653-7211 ; 19
Long-term geomorphology, northern Sweden, base-level surface, inselbergs, digital elevation models, field observations
Research subject Physical Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-30711ISBN: 978-91-7155-966-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-30711DiVA: diva2:274296
2009-12-04, De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens Hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Bishop, Paul, Professor
Hättestrand, Clas, docent
At the time of the doctoral defence, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows:
Paper 2: In press. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4. Manuscript.
List of papers