DEM-analysis of palaeosurface remnants in the mountain zone of northern Sweden
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Refereed)
Palaeosurface remnants are parts of old planation surfaces that have been elevated and partly down-cut by subsequent erosion. Such surfaces constitute an important landscape element when reconstructing the evolution of a landscape’s tong term development, although their morphological identification may be uncertain. In this study we examine to which degree palaeosurface remnants and surface generations can be identified objectively by GIS-analyses. A combination of fieldwork and GIS-analysis of digital elevation models (DEMs) was used to investigate palaeosurface remnants in two study areas, Ätnajåkki valley and Tjeuralako plateau in the northern Scandes of Sweden.
Our results indicate that surfaces with an inclination of less than 11 °, and that were not affected by glacial erosion, correspond well with palaeosurface remnants as mapped subjectively in the DEM, air photos and in the field. Peaks in the hypsographic curves, at similar elevation intervals for both areas, show the altitudinal distribution of several palaeosurface generations that were identified in the field.
The DEM analysis is shown to be a useful tool, but subjective mapping of glacially eroded areas is necessary to exclude glacially eroded areas, some of which may otherwise be misinterpreted as palaeosurface remnants, in the DEM. Hence, the combination of field observations and GIS-analyses is important when mapping and analysing palaeosurface remnants and their distribution correctly in a DEM. The method shown is nonetheless straightforward and reproducible.
Palaeosurface remnants; GIS-analysis; long-term landscape development; northern Scandes
Research subject Physical Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-30852OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-30852DiVA: diva2:274408