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Permanent Employment but Not in a Preferred Occupation: Psychological and Medical Aspects, Research Implications
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
1999 (English)In: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, ISSN 1076-8998, Vol. 4, no 2, 152-163 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In a representative sample from Statistics Sweden's Labor Market Survey (N = 1,564), it was found that 28% of permanent employees were not in their preferred occupation. In part, this is attributable to prevailing conditions in the labor market, with a lack of jobs, and to the insecurity of time-restricted employment contracts. In this study, the work conditions and health of persons in such a "locked-in" position were investigated. Participants reported significantly more headaches and greater fatigue and slight depression than did those in comparison groups. Results are discussed in relation to psychological theories of control and to a model of individual action strategies. Proposals are made to guide further studies in an area in which research so far has been sparsely conducted.


Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 4, no 2, 152-163 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-30707DOI: 10.1037/1076-8998.4.2.152OAI: diva2:275227
Available from: 2009-11-04 Created: 2009-10-23 Last updated: 2009-11-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Seeking Individual Health and Organizational Sustainability: The Implications of Change and Mobility
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Seeking Individual Health and Organizational Sustainability: The Implications of Change and Mobility
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Extensive changes are taking place in working life and creating new and important areas for research. New knowledge is needed in order for individuals and organizations to be able to maintain long-term development. The aim of this thesis is to increase our understanding of how change and (im)mobility in the labor market are related to employees’ health, wellbeing, and work-related attitudes. The thesis comprises three studies, based on questionnaire data from different samples. Study I examined the potential consequences of downsizing in two organizations that had implemented change in two different ways (proactively and reactively). A proactive approach seems to lessen change-related demands and provide an opportunity for increased participation, which helps lessen the negative effects on employee work attitudes and wellbeing. The descriptive data from a representative sample in Study II revealed that 28 percent of the permanent and 50 percent of the temporary employees did not work in their preferred occupations. The results indicate that those individuals who were involuntarily embedded (locked-in position), especially among the permanent employees, had more health problems and less development at work. Study III utilizes a newly developed construct (work-related health attributions) that focuses on the individual’s perception of the relation between work and health. The results indicate that it seems to be a promising construct for predicting job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention. For employees to have the opportunity to participate in organizational change, as well as the opportunity to exercise mobility and alter their circumstances when the organization, occupation, or job is not contributing to their better health appear to be factors that help improve health and sustainability for both employees and organizations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 2009. 98 p.
Downsizing, organizational change, proactive, demands, participation, temporary work, mobility, involuntary embeddedness, work-related health attributions, working conditions, work-related attitudes, development, wellbeing, health
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Research subject
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-31123 (URN)978-91-7155-957-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-12-02, David Magnussonsalen (U31), hus 8, Frescati hagväg 8, Stockholm, 13:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2009-11-10 Created: 2009-11-05 Last updated: 2010-06-15Bibliographically approved

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