Landscape partitioning and environmental gradient analyses of soil organic carbon in a permafrost environment
2009 (English)In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, ISSN 0886-6236, Vol. 23, no GB3006Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study investigates landscape allocation and environmental gradients in soil organic carbon (C) storage in northeastern European Russia. The lowlands of the investigated Usa River Basin range from taiga with isolated permafrost to tundra vegetation on continuous permafrost. We compile and analyze databases on soil properties, permafrost, vegetation, and modeled climate. Mean soil C storage is estimated at 38.3 kg C m−2, with similar amounts in taiga and tundra regions. Permafrost soils hold 42% of the total soil C in the area. Peatlands dominate soil C storage with 72% of the total pool and 98% of permafrost C. Multivariate gradient analyses show that local vegetation and permafrost are strong predictors of soil chemical properties, overshadowing the effect of climate variables. This study highlights the importance of peatlands, particularly bogs, in bulk soil C storage. Soil organic matter stored in permafrost has higher C:N ratios than unfrozen material. Permafrost bogs constitute the main vulnerable C pool in the region. Remobilization of this frozen C can occur through gradual but widespread deepening of the active layer with subsequent talik formation or through more rapid but localized thermokarst erosion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 23, no GB3006
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-31242DOI: 10.1029/2008GB003419ISI: 000267935700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-31242DiVA: diva2:275871