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Parent presence and gender-typicalness of educational choice
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2008 (English)In: British Journal of Sociology, ISSN 0007-1315, E-ISSN 1468-4446, Vol. 59, no 4, 757-782 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Given parental influence on children’s educational choices, new family constellations may impact on sex segregation in school and thus in the labour market. This paper addresses the question of what consequence father absence and stepfather presence may have for choice of the male-dominated natural science/technology (NT) programme in Swedish upper secondary school. The data include register information on all pupils who attended the ninth grade of the Swedish compulsory school in 1998 and 1999 and their parents (n=73,824). While children in mother-only households are less likely to choose the NT programme compared with children residing with two original parents, this is accounted for by differences in socioeconomic conditions and in grade sum. Fathers, like mothers, also have a more direct influence on children’s educational choices of field of study via their own education and occupation. However, what has not been noted in previous research is that this also applies to 'absent' fathers and, for boys, to stepfathers as well.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 59, no 4, 757-782 p.
Keyword [en]
educational choice, step-parents, non-resident parents, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-31622DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-4446.2008.00218.xISI: 000261216000008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-31622DiVA: diva2:277934
Available from: 2009-11-23 Created: 2009-11-23 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Children's Living Conditions: Studies on Health, Family and School
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children's Living Conditions: Studies on Health, Family and School
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The present dissertation includes four empirical studies, each of which focuses on specific aspects of children’s living conditions.

Study I analyses the association between young people’s social relations and health complaints using Swedish nationally representative survey data on 10- to 18-year-olds. Both relations with parents and with peers are associated with health complaints. Relational content is more strongly associated with health complaints than is relational structure. With regard to relational content, strained relations are more strongly associated with health complaints than are supportive relations.

Study II investigates how effort and reward in school are associated with pupils’ subjective health using data from the Stockholm School Survey. Both effort and reward are shown to be positively associated with subjective health, and in particular pupils who report to put in high effort in school have high levels of subjective health. Contextual variation in health is found for girls but not for boys.

Study III is based on Swedish register data and analyses the association between family type and choice of programme in upper secondary school. Children in single-mother households less often choose the natural science/technology (NT) programme compared with children who live with two original parents. Having a resident or a non-resident parent with NT skills is positively associated with choice of the NT programme.

Study IV analyses the association between family type and social support, health, and material resources in 24 countries. The data are derived from the international Health Behaviour of School-aged Children (HBSC) survey. In a majority of the countries studied, children in single-mother households report smaller resources compared with children living with two original parents. No clear pattern is found with regard to differences between countries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University, 2010. 30 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 77
Keyword
Children, living conditions, well-being, family, health, school, Sweden
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-31627 (URN)978-91-7155-978-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2010-01-27, hörsal 9, hus D, Universitetsvägen 10 D, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 4: Accepted. Available from: 2010-01-03 Created: 2009-11-23 Last updated: 2010-11-24Bibliographically approved

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