Children's Living Conditions: Studies on Health, Family and School
2010 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The present dissertation includes four empirical studies, each of which focuses on specific aspects of children’s living conditions.
Study I analyses the association between young people’s social relations and health complaints using Swedish nationally representative survey data on 10- to 18-year-olds. Both relations with parents and with peers are associated with health complaints. Relational content is more strongly associated with health complaints than is relational structure. With regard to relational content, strained relations are more strongly associated with health complaints than are supportive relations.
Study II investigates how effort and reward in school are associated with pupils’ subjective health using data from the Stockholm School Survey. Both effort and reward are shown to be positively associated with subjective health, and in particular pupils who report to put in high effort in school have high levels of subjective health. Contextual variation in health is found for girls but not for boys.
Study III is based on Swedish register data and analyses the association between family type and choice of programme in upper secondary school. Children in single-mother households less often choose the natural science/technology (NT) programme compared with children who live with two original parents. Having a resident or a non-resident parent with NT skills is positively associated with choice of the NT programme.
Study IV analyses the association between family type and social support, health, and material resources in 24 countries. The data are derived from the international Health Behaviour of School-aged Children (HBSC) survey. In a majority of the countries studied, children in single-mother households report smaller resources compared with children living with two original parents. No clear pattern is found with regard to differences between countries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Stockholm University , 2010. , 30 p.
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 77
Children, living conditions, well-being, family, health, school, Sweden
Research subject Sociology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-31627ISBN: 978-91-7155-978-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-31627DiVA: diva2:277947
2010-01-27, hörsal 9, hus D, Universitetsvägen 10 D, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Gauthier, Anne H., Professor
Jonsson, Jan O., ProfessorÖstberg, Viveca, Docent
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 4: Accepted.
List of papers