The immunogenic properties of protozoan glycosylphosphatidylinositols in the mosquito Anopheles gambiae.
2009 (English)In: Developmental and Comparative Immunology, ISSN 0145-305X, Vol. 33, no 2, 216-23 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In contrast to humans, mosquitoes do not have an adaptive immune response to deal with pathogens, and therefore must rely on their innate immune system to deal with invaders. This facilitates the recognition of different microbes on the basis of surface components or antigens. Such antigens have been identified in various types of microbe such as bacteria and fungi, yet none has been identified in the genus protozoa, which includes pathogens such as the malaria parasite, Plasmodium falciparum and Toxoplasma gondii. This study allowed us to test the antigenic properties of protozoan glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) on the mosquito immune system. We found that both P. falciparum GPI and T. gondii GPI induce the strong expression of several antimicrobial peptides following ingestion, and that as a result of the immune response against the GPIs, the number of eggs produced by the mosquito is reduced dramatically. Such effects have been associated with malaria infected mosquitoes, but never associated with a Plasmodium specific antigen. This study demonstrates that protozoan GPIs can be considered as protozoan specific immune elicitors in mosquitoes, and that P. falciparum GPI plays a critical role in the malaria parasite manipulation of the mosquito vector to facilitate its transmission.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 33, no 2, 216-23 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-31991DOI: 10.1016/j.dci.2008.08.009ISI: 000262066600010PubMedID: 18822312OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-31991DiVA: diva2:279138