Two high resolution terrestrial records of atmospheric Pb deposition from New Brunswick, Canada, and Loch Laxford, Scotland
2009 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 407, no 5, 1644-1657 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Environmental archives like peat deposits allow for the reconstruction of both naturally and anthropogenically forced changes in the biogeochemical cycle of Pb and the quantification of past and present atmospheric Pb pollution. Records of atmospheric Pb deposition from pre-industrial times however, are lacking.
In a publication by Weiss et al. (2002) Pb isotope data measured by Q-ICP-MS and TIMS, concentration and enrichment data was presented for sites in eastern Canada (PeW1) and northwestern Scotland (LL7c), dating to 1586 A.D and 715 A.D., respectively. Here we re-analyse these same cores for Pb isotopes by MC-ICP-MS thereby acquiring 204Pb data and improving on the original data in terms of resolution and temporal coverage. Significant differences were found between the Q-ICP-MS/TIMS and MC-ICP-MS measurements, particularly at PeW1. These discrepancies are attributed to the problematic presence of organic matter during sample preparation and analysis compounded by the heterogeneity of the organic compounds that survived sample preparation steps. The precision and accuracy of Pb isotopes in complex matrices like peat is not always well estimated by industrial standards like NIST-SRM 981 Pb.
Lead pollution histories at each site were constructed using the MC-ICP-MS data. The entire LL7c record is likely subject to some amount of anthropogenic pollution. Contributions from local mining were detected in Medieval times. Later, coal use and mining in Scotland, Wales and England became important. After industrialization (ca. 1885 A.D.) contributions from Broken Hill type ores and hence, leaded petrol, dominate atmospheric Pb signatures right up to modern times. At PeW1 anthropogenic impacts are first distinguishable in the late 17th century with the mining and use of local coal. After industrialization (ca. 1810 A.D.), coal and petrol are the main Pb sources. A comprehensive estimate of the natural atmospheric background 206Pb/207Pb signature in eastern Canadian aerosols is made with a value of ~1.19.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 407, no 5, 1644-1657 p.
peat, Pb isotope, Scoltand, Canada
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-32220DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.10.036ISI: 000263990600017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-32220DiVA: diva2:279822