In Search of Progenitors for Supernovaless Gamma-Ray Bursts 060505 and 060614: Re-examination of Their Afterglows
2009 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, Vol. 696, no 1, 971-979 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
GRB 060505 and GRB 060614 are nearby long-duration gamma-ray bursts (LGRBs) without accompanying supernovae (SNe) down to very strict limits. They thereby challenge the conventional LGRB-SN connection and naturally give rise to the question: are there other peculiar features in their afterglows which would help shed light on their progenitors? To answer this question, we combine new observational data with published data and investigate the multiband temporal and spectral properties of the two afterglows. We find that both afterglows can be well interpreted within the framework of the jetted standard external shock wave model, and that the afterglow parameters for both bursts fall well within the range observed for other LGRBs. Hence, from the properties of the afterglows there is nothing to suggest that these bursts should have another progenitor than other LGRBs. Recently, Swift-discovered GRB 080503 also has the spike + tail structure during its prompt γ-ray emission seemingly similar to GRB 060614. We analyze the prompt emission of this burst and find that this GRB is actually a hard-spike + hard-tail burst with a spectral lag of 0.8 ± 0.4 s during its tail emission. Thus, the properties of the prompt emission of GRB 060614 and GRB 080503 are clearly different, motivating further thinking of GRB classification (and even identification of faint core-collapse SNe). Finally, we note that, whereas the progenitor of the two SN-less bursts remains uncertain, the core-collapse origin for the SN-less bursts would be quite certain if a windlike environment can be observationally established, e.g., from an optical decay faster than the X-ray decay in the afterglow's slow cooling phase. Based on observations collected at the European Organization for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere, Chile, under programs 077.D-0661 and 177.A-0591.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 696, no 1, 971-979 p.
gamma rays: bursts, gamma rays: observations
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-32281DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/696/1/971ISI: 000265350100080ISBN: 0004-637XOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-32281DiVA: diva2:279967