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Polygodial induces inositol phosphate turnover in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6298-201X
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry.
1996 (English)In: Neuroscience Letters, ISSN 0304-3940, E-ISSN 1872-7972, Vol. 217, no 1, 50-4 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The pungent sesquiterpenoid unsaturated dialdehydes polygodial and isovelleral, have previously been shown to increase the intracellular free calcium concentration [Ca2+]i in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, partly by a release from intracellular Ca2+ stores, whereas the non-pungent compound epipolygodial, had no effect on the [Ca2+]i. In this study, we investigated the effect of isovelleral, polygodial and epipolygodial on inositol phosphate (IP) formation on the assumption that there might be a correlation between the release of intracellular Ca2+ and pungency of the compounds. It was found that polygodial induced IP mobilization in a concentration dependent way, whereas isovelleral had no effect on the IP formation in the SH-SY5Y cells. Phosphoinositide (PPI) turnover was activated by epipolygodial, but only at concentrations 40-fold higher than for polygodial, which emphasizes the importance of the correct stereometry in the dialdehyde configuration for the biological activity of polygodial. The polygodial-induced formation of IP1 was reduced by 71% under extracellular calcium-free conditions, which suggests feedback interactions between the IP formation and the increase in [Ca2+]i to account for a periodic activation of phospholipase C(PLC).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1996. Vol. 217, no 1, 50-4 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-32627PubMedID: 8905737OAI: diva2:281138
Available from: 2009-12-14 Created: 2009-12-14 Last updated: 2015-03-09Bibliographically approved

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