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Sesquiterpenoid unsaturated dialdehydes increase the concentration of intracellular free Ca2+ in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6298-201X
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Neurochemistry.
1994 (English)In: Natural toxins (Print), ISSN 1056-9014, Vol. 2, no 2, 89-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The effect of the three sesquiterpenoid unsaturated dialdehydes--polygodial, isovelleral, and epipolygodial--on intracellular free Ca2+ concentration, [Ca2+]i, was investigated in the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y. [Ca2+]i was measured by the Fura-2 spectrophotofluorometric technique in multi-cell and single-cell experiments. Polygodial and isovelleral induced an increase in [Ca2+]i at low concentrations (0.1 and 0.5 micrograms/ml, respectively) but epipolygodial affected [Ca2+]i only at a high concentration (10 micrograms/ml). The results indicated that there was a relationship between the effect on [Ca2+]i and the pungency of the sesquiterpenes tested. Experiments in a Ca(2+)-free extracellular solution showed that Ca2+ was also released from intracellular calcium stores. Images from single-cell experiments indicated that polygodial induced fluctuations in the [Ca2+]i in some cells. The mechanism behind the sesquiterpene induced increase of the [Ca2+]i was not identified but a possible mobilization of inositol phosphates is considered.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1994. Vol. 2, no 2, 89-95 p.
Keyword [en]
Polygodial, Isovelleral, Epipolygodial
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-32630PubMedID: 8075898OAI: diva2:281141
Available from: 2009-12-14 Created: 2009-12-14 Last updated: 2015-03-09Bibliographically approved

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