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Social adversity predicts ADHD-medication in school children – a national cohort study
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
2010 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 99, no 6, 920-924 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: To test the hypothesis that psychosocial adversity in the family predicts medicated ADHD in school children.

Method: ADHD-medication during 2006 was identified in the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register in national birth cohorts of 1.1 million 6–19 year olds. Logistic regression models adjusted for parental psychiatric disorders were used to test our hypothesis.

Results: There was a clear gradient for ADHD medication with level of maternal education, with an adjusted odds ratio of 2.20 (2.04–2.38) for the lowest compared with the highest level. Lone parenthood and reception of social welfare also implied higher risks of ADHD-medication with adjusted ORs of 1.45 (1.38–1.52) and 2.06 (1.92–2.21) respectively. Low maternal education predicted 33% of cases with medicated ADHD and single parenthood 14%.

Conclusions: Social adversity in the family predicts a considerable proportion of ADHD-medication in school children in Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 99, no 6, 920-924 p.
Keyword [en]
ADHD, Adversity, Behaviour, Child, Socioeconomic
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-32893DOI: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2009.01638.xISI: 000277320300026PubMedID: 20002622Local ID: P2799OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-32893DiVA: diva2:281886
Available from: 2009-12-17 Created: 2009-12-17 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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