Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Diagnosis-specific sickness absence as a predictor of mortality: the Whitehall II prospective cohort study.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
Show others and affiliations
2008 (English)In: BMJ (Clinical research ed.), ISSN 1468-5833, Vol. 337, a1469- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether knowing the diagnosis for sickness absence improves prediction of mortality. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study established in 1985-8. Sickness absence records including diagnoses were obtained from computerised registers. SETTING: 20 civil service departments in London. PARTICIPANTS: 6478 civil servants aged 35-55 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: All cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality until 2004, average follow-up 13 years. RESULTS: After adjustment for age, sex, and employment grade, employees who had one or more medically certified spells of sickness absence (>7 days) in a three year period had a mortality 1.7 (95% CI 1.3 to 2.1) times greater than those with no medically certified spells. Inclusion of diagnoses improved the prediction of all cause mortality (P=0.03). The hazard ratio for mortality was 4.7 (2.6 to 8.5) for absences with circulatory disease diagnoses, 2.2 (1.4 to 3.3) for surgical operations, and 1.9 (1.2 to 3.1) for psychiatric diagnoses. Psychiatric absences were also predictive of cancer mortality (2.5 (1.3 to 4.7)). Associations of infectious, respiratory, and injury absences with overall mortality were less marked (hazard ratios from 1.5 to 1.7), and there was no association between musculoskeletal absences and mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Major diagnoses for medically certified absences were associated with increased mortality, with the exception of musculoskeletal disease. Data on sickness absence diagnoses may provide useful information to identify groups with increased health risk and a need for targeted interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 337, a1469- p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-32996DOI: 10.1136/bmj.a1469ISI: 000259903300034PubMedID: 18832415Local ID: P2765OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-32996DiVA: diva2:282131
Available from: 2009-12-18 Created: 2009-12-18 Last updated: 2009-12-18Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed
By organisation
Stress Research Institute
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 33 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf