High visibility six-photonentanglement
2009 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Entanglement is a key resource in many quantum information schemes andin the last years the research on multi-qubit entanglement has drawn lots ofattention. In this thesis the experimental generation and characterization ofmulti-qubit entanglement is presented. The qubits are implemented in the polarizationdegree of freedom of photons and we have prepared genuine entangledstates of two, four and six photons. We emphasize that one type of states thatwe produce are invariant entangled states, remaining unchanged under simultaneousidentical unitary transformations of all their individual constituents.Such states can be applied to e.g. decoherence-free encoding, quantum communicationwithout sharing a common reference frame, quantum telecloning,secret sharing and remote state preparation schemes.In the experimental implementation we use a single source of entangledphoton pairs and extract the first, second and third order parametric downconversion.The multi-order processes are not entirely spontaneous, as we getthe right states utilizing bosonic emission enhancement due to indistinguishability.Despite the achievement of six-photon entangled states, is the setupcompletely free from interferometric overlaps making it robust and contributingto high fidelities of the generated states. The analysis results of our experimentalstates are in very good agreement with theory and also show very highvisibilities in their correlations.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 77 p.
Quantum information, entanglement, quantum physics
Research subject Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-33053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-33053DiVA: diva2:282279
2009-01-30, FB42, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)