Differences in mate location behaviours between residents and nonresidents in a territorial butterfly
2009 (English)In: Animal Behaviour, ISSN 0003-3472, E-ISSN 1095-8282, ISSN 0003-3472, Vol. 78, no 5, 1161-1167 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Mate location strategies vary between species. Among butterflies two strategies are recognized: 'patrolling' males spend their life on the wing searching for females and 'perching' males stay at a specific site waiting to intercept passing females. In the speckled wood butterfly, Pararge aegeria, two alternative male strategies have been described: dominant males adopt a perching strategy monopolizing large sunspots on the forest floor, and subdominant males adopt a patrolling strategy. However, comparative analyses have shown that body design differs between perching and patrolling species, hence constraining opportunity for within-species variation in mate location strategy. We tested whether males differ in their propensity to adopt perching or patrolling behaviour by recording time spent flying during 30 min when alone in a large cage with only one large sunspot and many smaller ones, and whether subdominant males adopt a patrolling strategy by allowing dyads of males to interact in the cage for 60 min and recording the same behaviours again. All males adopted perching behaviour when alone, and subdominant males in dyads spent only a short time in extended flights after losing contests over territory ownership, soon returning to a perching strategy and making the best of a bad job from the vantage point of a small sunspot. We argue that previous descriptions of subdominant male P. aegeria adopting a patrolling strategy are based on too short observation periods, and have mistaken males in temporary transit for males adopting patrolling behaviour.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, England: ACADEMIC PRESS LTD- ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2009. Vol. 78, no 5, 1161-1167 p.
alternative strategy; Lepidoptera; Pararge aegeria; patrolling; perching; satellite strategy; sexual selection; speckled wood butterfly
Research subject Animal Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-33228DOI: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.08.003ISI: 000271099200019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-33228DiVA: diva2:282745