Chronic Perixosome Proliferator-activated Receptor gamma (PPARgamma) activation of epididymally derived white adipocyte cultures reveals a population of thermogenically competent, UCP1-containing adipocytes molecularly distinct from classical brown adipocytes.
2010 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 285, no 10, 7153-7164 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The recent insight that brown adipocytes and muscle cells share a common origin and in this respect are distinct from white adipocytes has spurred questions concerning the origin and molecular characteristics of the UCP1-expressing cells observed in classical white adipose tissue depots under certain physiological or pharmacological conditions. Examining precursors from the purest white adipose tissue depot (epididymal), we report here that chronic treatment with the PPARgamma agonist rosiglitazone promotes not only the expression of PGC-1alpha and mitochondriogenesis in these cells but also a norepinephrine-augmentable UCP1 gene expression in a significant subset of the cells, providing these cells with a genuine thermogenic capacity. However, although functional thermogenic genes are expressed, the cells are devoid of transcripts for the novel transcription factors now associated with classical brown adipocytes (Zic1, Lhx8, Meox2 and characteristically PRDM16) or for myocyte-associated genes (myogenin and myomirs (muscle-specific microRNAs)) and retain white-fat characteristics such as Hoxc9 expression. Co-culture experiments verify that the UCP1-expressing cells are not proliferating classical brown adipocytes (adipomyocytes) and these cells therefore constitute a subset of adipocytes (''brite'' adipocytes) with a developmental origin and molecular characteristics distinguishing them as a separate class of cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 285, no 10, 7153-7164 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-33830DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M109.053942ISI: 000275415600029PubMedID: 20028987OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-33830DiVA: diva2:283719