Succession of bryophyte assemblages following clear-cut logging in boreal spruce-dominated forests in south-central Sweden - Does retrogressive succession occur?
2009 (English)In: Canadian Journal of Forest Research, ISSN 0045-5067, Vol. 39, no 10, 1871-1880 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The recovery process of boreal bryophyte communities after clear-cutting was studied in a chronosequence in south-central Sweden. We hypothesized that high initial grass cover on clearcuts, high litter cover and low light levels during canopy closure, and shortage of coarse woody substrates would constrain recovery in different ways. Instead, both epigeic and epixylic guilds (i.e., species growing on forest floor and deadwood) displayed a gradual increase in similarity over time from the clear-cut phase, perhaps because of the absence of distinct peaks in needle litter and canopy cover. Epixylic species started to recover long before the accumulation of deadwood, indicating that microclimate rather than substrate availability was the most constraining factor during the first 50 years. Since we did not find any other bottlenecks during the succession after clear-cutting, conservation measures aiming at decreasing local extinction rates during clearcutting may also increase long-term persistence. On the other hand, as the results from the epixylic guild suggest, other factors during the forest succession, such as the development of a suitable microclimate, might be more important for some organisms, thus possibly mitigating such long-term positive effects of adjusted management during the clear-cutting operation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 39, no 10, 1871-1880 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34466DOI: 10.1139/X09-113ISI: 000271076100008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-34466DiVA: diva2:284848