Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
General mental ability and satisfaction with school and work: A longitudinal study from ages 13 to 48
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2009 (English)In: Journal of applied developmental psychology, ISSN 0193-3973, E-ISSN 1873-7900, Vol. 30, no 4, 398-408 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although it has been proposed that general mental ability (GMA) may affect the adjustment process, few studies have examined the relation of mental ability to individuals' sense of satisfaction with school and work. The present study investigated the importance of mental ability for school and job satisfaction, using a Swedish sample of 298 men and 399 women, followed longitudinally from the age of 13 to middle age (43 years for women, and 48 years for men). Mental ability had a weak positive correlation with school satisfaction at age 13 but not at age 16, whereas a tendency was found for a negative relation to job satisfaction at the age of 26. Adolescent levels of mental ability were associated with greater intrinsic job satisfaction in middle age for both sexes, and greater extrinsic job satisfaction for men. Longitudinal structural equation modeling indicated that the effects of general mental ability on school and job satisfaction were mediated by school and work achievement, respectively. The same model fit both sexes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2009. Vol. 30, no 4, 398-408 p.
Keyword [en]
general mental ability, school satisfaction, school achievement, job satisfaction, work achievement, longitudinal
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34526DOI: 10.1016/j.appdev.2008.12.015ISI: 000267628500002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-34526DiVA: diva2:284984
Projects
Individual Development and Adaptation
Note
This study was made possible through the use of data from the longitudinal research program Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA). The scientific leader is Lars R. Bergman. David Magnusson was responsible for the planning, implementation, and financing of the data collection up to age 26. The data collection was supported by grants from the Swedish National Board of Education, the Swedish Committee for the Planning and Coordination of Research, The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation, the Swedish Social Research Council, and the Örebro County Council.Available from: 2010-01-09 Created: 2010-01-09 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. General mental ability as related to school, work and health: The importance of childhood mental ability for work-related factors among middle-aged women and men
Open this publication in new window or tab >>General mental ability as related to school, work and health: The importance of childhood mental ability for work-related factors among middle-aged women and men
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

General mental ability (GMA) has been found to be important for adjustment and achievement in school and at work. GMA has been linked to various health outcomes, although the research linking it to school-, work-, and health-related outcomes among working adults is still limited. Using data from the longitudinal research program Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA), this thesis investigates how childhood GMA relates to satisfaction with school and work, psychosocial factors at work, and self-reported health outcomes among working adults. The findings showed that the associations between GMA and satisfaction were weak, while those between GMA and achievement and between achievement and satisfaction were stronger. Also, early experiences of achievement and satisfaction at school were linked to adult work life. Analyses taking into account the importance of different occupational levels and areas replicated previous research by underscoring the importance of occupational level. An examination of the importance of GMA and psychosocial work characteristics on a set of health indicators showed no consistent effects of childhood GMA on self-reported health in terms of anxiety, musculoskeletal disorders, self-rated health, and sense of coherence. But in line with previous findings, psychosocial work characteristics were associated with self-reports of health. Here, controlling for occupational level did not change the overall strenght of the relations. To conclude, while the results suggest that the importance of GMA for school and job satisfaction are mediated by other factors, the overall findings indicate that the effects of childhood GMA on various aspects of functioning in midlife are weak – a finding that may follow from the studies focusing exclusively on a Swedish cohort of well-functioning, working and healthy women and men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 2011. 104 p.
Keyword
General mental ability, achievement, occupational level, satisfaction, psychosocial workload, health
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-52882 (URN)978-91-7447-197-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-02-23, David Magnusson-salen (U31), hus 8, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript.Available from: 2011-02-01 Created: 2011-01-19 Last updated: 2011-01-21Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wulff, CorneliaBergman, Lars R.Sverke, Magnus
By organisation
Department of Psychology
In the same journal
Journal of applied developmental psychology
Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 149 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf