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Group supervision in psychotherapy: Main findings from a Swedish research project on psychotherapy supervision in a group format
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
Nottingham Trent University.
2009 (English)In: British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, ISSN 0306-9885, E-ISSN 1469-3534, Vol. 37, no 2, 129-139 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Psychotherapy supervision is considered crucial for psychotherapists in training on different levels. During the last decades, group supervision has been the most frequently used format of psychotherapy supervision in many countries. Nevertheless, until recently, very few studies had evaluated the small-group format for training of beginner psychotherapists and psychotherapy supervisors. This article aims to summarise and discuss main findings from a research project which used questionnaires to collect supervisee and supervisor reports about various issues of psychotherapy supervision in group. One such finding is that, in several studies, the group format contributed to an in-depth clinical experience. Also, both supervisors and supervisees reported that the working climate in their groups improved over time: a more flexible and collaborative style of interaction over time; the communication became more flexible, the group members took less rigid positions; and fewer dysfunctional subgroups were maintained. These results also suggested that strong efforts to establish close relationships in the group can limit group member involvement and hinder group development. A third finding suggested that there was no difference between supervisees and supervisors who worked with different psychotherapy orientations (psychodynamic, CBT) in terms of how they perceived that the group actually had been used as a didactic tool. In contrast, both supervisees and supervisors with a psychodynamic approach reported that more focus ideally should be on group process issues. Another study finding suggested that the organisational framework for psychotherapy supervision is of considerable importance for the learning process. This finding opens up a new area of research which needs to be explored in future studies. A conclusive discussion relates these findings to the general aim of this research, which is to identify and systematically examine issues of considerable clinical interest, and thus build bridges between academia and clinical practice. Recommendations for future research endeavours are also outlined.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, UK: Routledge , 2009. Vol. 37, no 2, 129-139 p.
Keyword [en]
group supervision, group climate, training levels, psychotherapy orientation, supervisor style, organisational framework
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Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34535DOI: 10.1080/03069880902728614ISI: 000265291200003OAI: diva2:285020
Available from: 2010-01-10 Created: 2010-01-10 Last updated: 2015-09-08Bibliographically approved

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