APOE and lipid level synergy effects on declarative memory functioning in adulthood
2009 (English)In: European Psychologist, ISSN 1016-9040, Vol. 14, no 4, 268-278 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study of the general population examined interactions of the gene Apolipoprotein E (APOE) and/or lipid levels, and their effects on cognitive change. A MANCOVA model based on longitudinal data (with a 5 year follow-up) obtained from the Betula study (n = 1777; age 35–85 years) was used. The significant two-way and three-way interaction effects detected were equally frequent in tests of episodic and semantic memory. A difference in the distribution of interaction effects on episodic and semantic memory decline was also found. Men demonstrated the worst cognitive development as shown by significant two-way interaction effects on episodic memory whereas two-way interaction effects among women resulted in the worst semantic memory development. This result is discussed from the viewpoint that tests of episodic and semantic memory have different cognitive demands. This study focuses on how interaction effects of the gene APOE and vascular risk factors (such as lipid levels) affect cognitive abilities and also whether the interaction effects vary across age and sex. In this study, the main focus is on interaction effects as a phenomenon in itself.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 14, no 4, 268-278 p.
interaction effects, memory, APOE, lipids, longitudinal
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34540DOI: 10.1027/1016-9040.14.4.268ISI: 000272840300002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-34540DiVA: diva2:285026
The Betula Longitudinal Project is supported by the Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation (1988–0082:17), Swedish Council for Planning and Coordination of Research (D1988-0092, D1989-0115, D1990- 0074, D1991-0258, D1992-0143, D1997-0756, D1997- 1841, D1999-0739, and B1999-474), Swedish Council for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences (F377/1988-2000), and the Swedish Council for Social Research (1988–1990: 88-0082, and 311/1991–2000). Ola Sternäng was supported by grants from Helge Ax:son Johnson Foundation and from Elisabeth and Herman Rhodin’s Foundation. Åke Wahlin was funded by a grant from Swedish Council for Research in the Humanities and Social Sciences (Dnr 421-2007-1616). Genotyping was supported in part by the Interuniversity Attraction Poles Program (IAP P6/43) of the Belgian Science Policy Office, the Fund for Scientific Research –Flanders (FWOF), and the Stichting voor Alzheimer Onderzoek, Belgium.2010-01-102010-01-102010-11-30Bibliographically approved