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One- vs. five-session treatment of intra-oral injection phobia: a randomized clinical study
University of Bergen, Norway.
University of Bergen, Norway.
University of Bergen, Norway.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. University of Bergen, Norway.
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2009 (English)In: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 117, no 3, 279-285 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of one and five sessions of treatment for intra-oral injection phobia in 55 subjects fulfilling the DSM-IV criteria for specific phobia. The subjects were randomly assigned to one or five sessions of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) performed by dentists. Assessments included behavioural tests and self-report instruments used pretreatment, post-treatment, and at 1 yr of follow-up. The dental anxiety scale (DAS), the injection phobia scale-anxiety, and the mutilation questionnaires were applied. Mean avoidance duration of intra-oral injections before treatment was 7.0 yr. The results showed that 89% of the subjects had received intra-oral injections from a regular dentist during the 1-yr follow-up. The only significant difference between the one- and the five-session groups was that the five-session group reported less anxiety (as measured using the DAS) at 1 yr of follow-up. It was concluded that both treatments performed by dentists specially trained in CBT have a significant treatment effect on the intra-oral injection phobia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, Inc , 2009. Vol. 117, no 3, 279-285 p.
Keyword [en]
cognitive behavioural therapy, dental anxiety, intra-oral injection phobia, one-session treatment, randomized controlled clinical trial
National Category
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34589DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.2009.00628.xISI: 000265884400011OAI: diva2:285194
Available from: 2010-01-11 Created: 2010-01-11 Last updated: 2015-09-09Bibliographically approved

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Öst, Lars-Göran
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