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Quality of Life - Towards an understanding of individuals with psychopathic tendencies
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Centre for Health Equity Studies (CHESS).
2009 (English)In: Personality and Mental Health, ISSN 1932-8621, Vol. 3, no 3, 183-192 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The objectives are to explore: (1) the association between psychopathy and self-rated quality of life; and (2) the possible role of childhood hyperactivity on the relationships between Psychopathy Checklist (PCL) scores and self-rated domains of Quality of Life (QoL). Male subjects with a history of criminality at age 11-14 years (n = 108) and matched controls (n = 59) from a Swedish longitudinal project were studied. Self-rated QoL domains of psychological health, family relationships and work satisfaction were dichotomized and used as dependent variables in calculations of odds ratios (ORs) with dichotomized PCL scores as the independent variable, as assessed at age 38-41. The results showed that for each of the three QoL domains, the proportion of individuals that reported dissatisfaction was significantly higher in both criminals and controls characterized by psychopathic tendencies (PT) compared with the groups with no psychopathic tendencies. Furthermore, the results revealed higher strata-specific risk of dissatisfaction among the PT individuals for two of the domains: psychological health (OR = 6.58) and work satisfaction (OR = 7.98). Childhood hyperactivity individuals were overrepresented in the PT group. However, hyperactivity did not confound the association between PCL and QoL. The results are discussed in the light of possible treatment implications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 3, no 3, 183-192 p.
Keyword [en]
psychopathy, quality of life
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34662DOI: 10.1002/pmh.76ISI: 000283102500004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-34662DiVA: diva2:285253
Note
This research was financially supported by grants from the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research (Dnr 2007–0539 to ÖH) and the Mobilizing against Drugs Committee, Sweden (Dnr 20/2003:9 to BaK). Special thanks are forwarded to Professor Ilona Koupil for editing work and to Reidar Österman for valuable collaboration on statistical issues.Available from: 2010-01-11 Created: 2010-01-11 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Psychosocial adjustment problems: Individual and acculturation differences
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Psychosocial adjustment problems: Individual and acculturation differences
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis addresses individual and environmental risk factors in the development of adjustment problems and antisocial behaviour. Namely, temperament and character, anxiety, psychopathic-like traits, antisocial attitudes, alcohol use, and parental rearing strategies are explored as risk factors for behaviour problems in childhood, adolescence and adulthood. When interpreting results of specific studies, an ecological framework is applied to take into account socio-cultural and acculturation circumstances.

In Studies I and II, the subjects under investigation are incarcerated Russian detainees aged 14-19 years (n=250). The main purpose of Study I was to investigate the validity of the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD) in a sample of Russian juvenile delinquents. Study II examined the relationship between psychopathy and violent behaviour. An association between psychopathy and quality of life is explored in Study III, using a sample of Swedish early criminals and controls aged 38-41 years (n=199). In Study IV, international and national college students aged 17-51 years (n=246), are studied regarding perceived adjustment stressors and acculturational differences.

The results suggested good validity of the APSD in the Russian male detainees. Additionally, the results support a dimensional aspect of the psychopathy construct as measured by the PCL and APSD, and suggest that individual and environmental antecedents of psychopathy may differ between the distinct psychopathy factors. The more violent group showed higher levels of psychopathic traits and physical aggression, had more alcohol related problems, and perceived antisocial behavior as more ‘normative’. Moreover, impulsiveness, anger, verbal aggression and antisocial attitudes discriminated between the psychopathic and non-psychopathic subgroups. The results further indicated that self reported quality of life was poorer among individuals with psychopathic-like traits. Finally, grouping the detainees, criminals and controls, as well as the students according to their unique needs seemed to be beneficial, not only regarding psychopathic-like traits, violent behaviour and antisocial attitudes, but also in the context of acculturation and adjustment processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Psykologiska institutionen, 2008. 76 p.
Series
Health Equity Studies, ISSN 1651-5390 ; 11
Keyword
personality, antisocial behavior, violence, alcohol, culture, socialization, acculturation
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-7757 (URN)978-91-7155-658-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-06-12, Aula Svea, Socialhögskolan, Sveaplan, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-05-21 Created: 2008-05-19 Last updated: 2010-01-13Bibliographically approved

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