Addressing temporal variability when modeling bioaccumulation in plants.
2009 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, E-ISSN 1520-5851, Vol. 43, no 10, 3751-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Steady state models are commonly used to predict bioaccumulation of organic contaminants in biota. However, the steady state assumption may introduce errors when complex dynamic processes such as growth, temperature fluctuations, and variable environmental concentrations significantly affect the major chemical uptake and elimination processes. In this study, a strategy for addressing temporal variability in bioaccumulation modeling is proposed. Chemical partitioning space plots are used to show the time necessary for organic contaminants to approach steady state in plant leaves and roots as well as the dominant uptake/elimination fluxes of chemicals as a function of the contaminants' physical chemical properties. The plots were produced with a novel nonsteady state model of bioaccumulation in plants, which is presented, parameterized, and evaluated. The first prerequisite identified for using a steady state model is that the duration of chemical exposure exceeds the time to approach steady state. Next, the dominant chemical transport processes for the chemical in question should be identified and the variability of parameters affecting these processes compared to the time to approach steady state. A major systematic variation in one of these parameters on a time scale similar to the time to approach steady state may cause an unacceptable deviation between the predicted and true chemical concentrations in vegetation. In such cases a nonsteady state model such as the one presented here should be used. The chemical partitioning plots presented provide guidance for understanding the dominant uptake/elimination processes and the time to approach steady state in relation to the partitioning properties of organic compounds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2009. Vol. 43, no 10, 3751-6 p.
Research subject Applied Environmental Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34628DOI: 10.1021/es900265jISI: 000266046700056PubMedID: 19544883OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-34628DiVA: diva2:285318