Is There a Career Penalty for Mothers' Time Out? A Comparison of Germany, Sweden and the United States
2009 (English)In: Social Forces, ISSN 0037-7732, Vol. 88, no 2, 573-606 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article focuses on three countries with distinct policies toward motherhood and work: Germany, Sweden and the United States. We analyze the length of mothers’ time out of paid work after childbirth and the short-term career consequences for mothers. In the United States, we identify a career punishment even for short time-out periods; long time-out periods increase the risk of a downward move and reduce the chances of an upward move. In Germany, long time-out periods destabilize the career and, the longer the leave, the greater the risk of either an upward or downward move. In Sweden, we find a negative effect of time out on upward moves. Hence, even in “woman-friendly” Sweden, women’s career prospects are better if they return to paid work sooner rather than later.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 88, no 2, 573-606 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34756ISI: 000273512000004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-34756DiVA: diva2:285473