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Brisingamen and the Menet necklace
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Archaeology and Classical Studies, Archaeological Research Laboratory.
2009 (German)In: Glaube, Kult und Herrschaft Phänomene des Religiösen im 1. Jahrtausend n. Mittel- und NordeuropaAkten des 59. Internationalen Sachsensymposionsund derGrundprobleme der frühgeschichtlichen Entwicklung im Mitteldonauraum / [ed] Uta von Freeden, Herwig Friesinger & Egon Wamers, Berlin, 2009, 219-230 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This article discusses the jewellery worn by the goddess Freyja, the Brisingamen. The author has previously claimed that brising (“glowing”) is a heiti for “garnet”, in Latin called carbunculus and in Greek ἄνθραξ. The word men has been compared by other authors to the Old German word menni meaning a collar for a dog. However, its origin may have been the Menet (alternatively Menat or Menit) – originally the necklace of the cow god Hathor which in the Greco-Roman time was taken over by the fertility goddess Isis. The Menet necklace was mostly used in ceremonies together with the musical instrument sistrum, when the rattling of the Menet was an important element. The late Roma like bracteates or coin imitations and garnet jewellery were important elements, too. Owing to its many metal pendants the Brisingamen could have produced a sound, though in this case not rattling but rather a sound more like jingle bells. This paper presents several precious items of jewellery representing Freyja’s Brisingamen from the Viking period, the most exquisite examples being the necklaces from Hoen in Norway and Eketorp in Sweden

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin, 2009. 219-230 p.
, Römisch-Germanische Kommission, Frankf urt a. M. Kolloquien zur Vor- und Frühgeschichte, 12
Keyword [en]
Viking-age, neckles, religion
National Category
Research subject
Archaeological Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34920ISBN: 978-3-7749-3663-8OAI: diva2:285966
Available from: 2010-01-20 Created: 2010-01-13 Last updated: 2010-01-20Bibliographically approved

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