Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Determination of polyfluoroalkyl compounds in water and suspended particulate matter in the river Elbe and North Sea, Germany
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM).
2009 (English)In: Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering in China, ISSN 1673-7520, Vol. 3, no 2, 152-170 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The distribution of polyfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) in the dissolved and particulate phase and their discharge from the river Elbe into the North Sea were studied. The PFCs quantified included C-4-C-8 perfluorinated sulfonates (PFSAs), 6:2 fluorotelomer sulfonate (6:2 FTS), C-6 and C-8 perfluorinated sulfonates (PFSiAs), C-4-C-12 perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs), perfluoro-3,7-dimethyl-octanoic acid (3,7m(2)-PFOA), perfluorooctane sulfonamide (FOSA), and n-ethyl perfluroctane sulfonamidoethanol (EtFOSE). PFCs were mostly distributed in the dissolved phase, where perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) dominated with 2.9-12.5 ng/L. In the suspended particulate matter FOSA and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) showed the highest concentrations (4.0 ng/L and 2.3 ng/L, respectively). The total flux of Sigma PFCs from the river Elbe was estimated to be 802 kg/year for the dissolved phase and 152 kg/year for the particulate phase. This indicates that the river Elbe acts as a source of PFCs into the North Sea. However, the concentrations of perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS) and perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA) in the North Sea were higher than that in the river Elbe, thus an alternative source must exist for these compounds

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 3, no 2, 152-170 p.
Keyword [en]
carboxylic-acids, fluorochemicals, fluorotelomer alcohols, mykiss, particulate matter, perfluorinated acids, perfluorooctane sulfonate, perfluorooctane sulfonate (pfos), perfluorooctanoic acid (pfoa), pfos, polyfluoroalkyl compounds (pfcs), quantitative-determination, sea, substances, surface, surface water, tandem mass-spectrometry, water, water-particulate partitioning
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34944DOI: 10.1007/s11783-009-0021-8ISI: 000270333500002ISBN: 1673-7415OAI: diva2:285979
Available from: 2010-01-13 Created: 2010-01-13 Last updated: 2011-04-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Plassmann, Merle
By organisation
Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM)
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 56 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link