Identifying source regions for the atmospheric input of PCDD/Fs to the Baltic Sea
2009 (English)In: Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, Vol. 43, no 10, 1730-1736 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
PCDD/F contamination of the Baltic Sea has resulted in the European Union imposing restrictions on the marketing of several fish species. Atmospheric deposition is the major source of PCDD/Fs to the Baltic Sea, and hence there is a need to identify the source regions of the PCDD/Fs in ambient air over the Baltic Sea. A novel monitoring strategy was employed to address this question. During the winter of 2006-2007 air samples were collected in Aspvreten (southern Sweden) and Pallas (northern Finland). Short sampling times (24 h) were employed and only samples with stable air mass back trajectories were selected for analysis of the 2,3,7,8-substituted PCDD/F congeners. The range in the PCDD/F concentrations from 40 samples collected at Aspvreten was a factor of almost 50 (range 0.6-29 fg TEQ/m(3)). When the samples were grouped according to air mass origin into seven compass sectors, the variability was much lower (typically less than a factor of 3). This indicates that air mass origin was the primary source of the variability. The contribution of each sector to the PCDD/F contamination over the Baltic Sea during the winter half year of 2006/2007 was calculated from the average PCDD/F concentration for each sector and the frequency with which the air over the Baltic Sea came from that sector. Air masses originating from the south-southwest, south-southeast and east segments contributed 65% of the PCDDs and 75% of the PCDFs. Strong correlations were obtained between the concentrations of most of the PCDD/F congeners and the concentration of soot. These correlations can be used to predict the PCDD/F concentrations during the winter half year from inexpensive soot measurements.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 43, no 10, 1730-1736 p.
PCDD/F, Baltic Sea, Monitoring, Ambient air, Trajectory
Environmental Sciences Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34959DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.12.014ISI: 000264348500003ISBN: 1352-2310OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-34959DiVA: diva2:286044