Psychological time in Japanese and Swedish males: A cross-cultural comparison
2009 (English)In: Fechner Day 2009: Proceedings of the 25th Annual Meeting of the International Society for Psychophysics / [ed] M.A. Elliott, S. Antonijevic, S. Berthaud, P. Mulcahy, B. Bargary, C. Martyn, & H. Schmidt, Galway, Ireland: International Society for Psychophysics , 2009, 311-316 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
Previous research (A.D. Eisler, 1992, 1995, 2003) has demonstrated differences between African immigrants and native Swedish subjects in subjective duration, measured by the method of reproduction. The present study is part of a systematic series of experiments on time perception and culture. Possible cultural differences in subjective duration (psychological time, subjective experience of time) in relation to standard duration (physical duration, clock-time), between Japanese and Swedish males were examined. Two experiments were conducted with each group in a prospective paradigm (the experience of time-in-passing), using the methods of reproduction (Experiment 1), and verbal estimation in subjective seconds (Experiment 2). In each experiment ten standard durations, ranging from 1.3 to 20 s in logarithmic steps were used and presented 3 times each in pseudo-random order. In the reproductions a significant interaction between duration and culture was found. The Japanese subjects reproduced the standard durations up to about 6 s slightly shorter and the standard durations exceeding 11 seconds longer than the Swedish subjects. The results also revealed a significant difference in the verbal estimations of duration between the two groups. The Japanese estimated the durations shorter and less veridical than the Swedes. These differences can be described by variations in parameter values of the psychophysical power function. The present results are discussed in terms of approaches that emphasize cultural, cognitive, biological and methodological effects on subjective (psychological, perceived) duration in time perception research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Galway, Ireland: International Society for Psychophysics , 2009. 311-316 p.
behavior, biological clock, cognitive clock, culture, duration, prospective paradigm
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-35003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-35003DiVA: diva2:286104
Fechner Day 2009