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Specific combinations of SR proteins associate with single pre-messenger RNAs in vivo and contribute different functions
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Molecular Biology and Functional Genomics.
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2009 (English)In: Journal of Cell Biology, ISSN 0021-9525, E-ISSN 1540-8140, Vol. 184, no 4, 555-568 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins are required for messenger RNA (mRNA) processing, export, surveillance, and translation. We show that in Chironomus tentans, nascent transcripts associate with multiple types of SR proteins in specific combinations. Alternative splicing factor (ASF)/SF2, SC35, 9G8, and hrp45/SRp55 are all present in Balbiani ring (BR) pre-messenger ribonucleoproteins (mRNPs) preferentially when introns appear in the pre-mRNA and when cotranscriptional splicing takes place. However, hrp45/SRp55 is distributed differently in the pre-mRNPs along the gene compared with ASF/SF2, SC35, and 9G8, suggesting functional differences. All four SR proteins are associated with the BR mRNPs during export to the cytoplasm. Interference with SC35 indicates that SC35 is important for the coordination of splicing, transcription, and 3′ end processing and also for nucleocytoplasmic export. ASF/SF2 is associated with polyribosomes, whereas SC35, 9G8, and hrp45/SRp55 cosediment with monoribosomes. Thus, individual endogenous pre-mRNPs/mRNPs bind multiple types of SR proteins during transcription, and these SR proteins accompany the mRNA and play different roles during the gene expression pathway in vivo.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The Rockefeller University Press , 2009. Vol. 184, no 4, 555-568 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-35068DOI: 10.1083/jcb.200806156ISI: 000264016600010OAI: diva2:286311
Available from: 2010-01-14 Created: 2010-01-14 Last updated: 2011-02-28Bibliographically approved

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Björk, PetraPersson, Jan-OlovWieslander, Lars
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