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Long-term Stability and Variability in Memory Compensation among Older Adults: Evidence from the Victoria Longitudinal Study
University of Alberta, Kanada.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2009 (English)In: Acta Psychologica Sinica, ISSN 0439-755X, Vol. 41, no 11, 1091-1101 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two memory status groups were derived from a parent sample of older adults participating in the Victoria Longitudinal Study (VLS) in Canada. A not impaired control (NIC) group and a mild memory deficit (MMD) group were compared at baseline and longitudinally (over five waves or 12 years) regarding their use of memory compensation techniques in everyday life. We used multi-level modeling (covarying age and education) to examine baseline level differences and long-term change patterns. Baseline results showed that the MMD participants reported greater recent increases in memory compensation strategy use in everyday life. Longitudinal results showed notable 12-year stability in memory compensation use, but group-related differences in the compensatory mechanism of effort. The covariate of education (potentially a marker of cognitive reserve) was associated with differential change in three memory compensation strategies over time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Science Press , 2009. Vol. 41, no 11, 1091-1101 p.
Keyword [en]
memory compensation, mild memory deficit, multi-level modeling, Victoria Longitudinal Study
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Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-35787DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2009.01091OAI: diva2:288008
Available from: 2010-01-20 Created: 2010-01-20 Last updated: 2010-10-29Bibliographically approved

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