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Lithium Depletion of Nearby Young Stellar Associations
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Astronomy.
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2008 (English)In: Astrophysical Journal, ISSN 0004-637X, E-ISSN 1538-4357, Vol. 689, 1127-1140 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We estimate cluster ages from lithium depletion in five pre-main-sequence groups found within 100 pc of the Sun: the TW Hydrae association, η Chamaeleontis cluster, β Pictoris moving group, Tucanae-Horologium association, and AB Doradus moving group. We determine surface gravities, effective temperatures, and lithium abundances for over 900 spectra through least-squares fitting to model-atmosphere spectra. For each group, we compare the dependence of lithium abundance on temperature with isochrones from pre-main-sequence evolutionary tracks to obtain model-dependent ages. We find that the η Cha cluster and the TW Hydrae association are the youngest, with ages of 12+/-6 Myr and 12+/-8 Myr, respectively, followed by the β Pic moving group at 21+/-9 Myr, the Tucanae-Horologium association at 27+/-11 Myr, and the AB Dor moving group at an age of at least 45 Myr (whereby we can only set a lower limit, since the models-unlike real stars-do not show much lithium depletion beyond this age). Here the ordering is robust, but the precise ages depend on our choice of both atmospheric and evolutionary models. As a result, while our ages are consistent with estimates based on Hertzsprung-Russell isochrone fitting and dynamical expansion, they are not yet more precise. Our observations do show that with improved models, much stronger constraints should be feasible, as the intrinsic uncertainties, as measured from the scatter between measurements from different spectra of the same star, are very low: around 10 K in effective temperature, 0.05 dex in surface gravity, and 0.03 dex in lithium abundance.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 689, 1127-1140 p.
Keyword [en]
Line: Profiles, Galaxy: Open Clusters and Associations: Individual: Name: η Chamaeleontis, Galaxy: Open Clusters and Associations: Individual: Name: TW Hydrae, Galaxy: Open Clusters and Associations: Individual: Name: β Pictoris, open clusters and associations: individual (Tucanae-Horologium), open clusters and associations: individual (AB Doradus), Stars: Abundances, Stars: Pre-Main-Sequence
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-35870DOI: 10.1086/592764OAI: diva2:288204
Available from: 2010-01-20 Created: 2010-01-20 Last updated: 2011-02-15Bibliographically approved

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Brandeker, Alexis
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