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The Dangari Tongue of Choke and Machoke: Tracing the proto-language of Shina enclaves in the Hindu Kush
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, General Linguistics.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3907-0930
2009 (English)In: Acta Orientalia, ISSN 0001-6438, ISSN 0001-6438, no 70, 7-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Data from four little-studied varieties of Indo-Aryan (Southern Palula, Northern Palula, Sawi and Kalkoti) spoken in the Hindu Kush is analyzed and discussed from a historical-comparative perspective. Evidence is presented showing that Kalkoti, until recently only tentatively classified, is part of this particular cluster of closely-related Shina varieties. An attempt is made at reconstructing some phonological and grammatical features of a common source speech, here named Proto-Dangari, and the order in which the present-day varieties may have split off. An important conclusion drawn is that Southern and Northern Palula probably are more distantly related than present-day similarities seem to indicate, the high degree of synchronic similarity instead being due to relatively recent convergence taking place in southern Chitral. It is hypothesized that the present speech communities are the result of two different westward routes of migration, one geographically linking Southern Palula (Ashreti) and Sawi with Chilas, the other linking Northern Palula (Biori) and Kalkoti with Tangir, both located in the same general area of the main Indus Valley.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. no 70, 7-62 p.
Keyword [en]
Indo-Aryan, Shina, Dangari, Palula, Sawi, Kalkoti, Gawri, reconstruction, comparative method, aspect, perfective, imperfective, tense
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
General Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-36825OAI: diva2:290519
Available from: 2010-01-27 Created: 2010-01-27 Last updated: 2013-09-25Bibliographically approved

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Liljegren, Henrik
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